LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia

Basic rights and individual rights

Criminal law

  • Total prohibition of same-sex sexual activity:
  • Discrimination in age of consent:
  • Discrimination in relation to group sexual activity in private:

Freedom of Assembly

  • Baczkowski v. Poland (3 May 2007) (violation of Article 11 and Article 14 combined with Article 11) (refusal to grant permit for LGBT Pride March in Warsaw in June 2005)
  • Alekseyev v. Russia (21 October 2010) (violation of Article 11, of Article 14 combined with Article 11, and Article 11 combined with Article13) (ban on pride marches and picketing, Moscow, May 2006, May 2007, May/June 2008)


Freedom of expression